Widespread Violence and the Degradation of Moral Values

Shivendra Pratap Singh


High Court Lucknow


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The relationship between widespread violence and the degradation of moral values is intricate. When violence becomes pervasive, it not only disrupts the peace and security of a community but can also erode the ethical fabric that binds it. Let’s delve into how and why this happens.

1. Normalization of Violence:

  • Desensitization: Repeated exposure to violence can cause individuals to become desensitized, reducing their emotional response to it. Over time, acts that once shocked or appalled might be met with indifference.
  • Shifted Baselines: As violence becomes more commonplace, it shifts societal baselines for what is considered “normal” or “acceptable.” This can lead to people justifying or downplaying violent actions, thinking of them as inevitable or necessary.

2. Breakdown of Social Contracts:

  • Traditional social contracts, both spoken and unspoken, dictate that individuals should not harm one another. When violence proliferates, it implies these contracts have been broken, leading to a reduced faith in communal agreements and principles.

3. Survival Over Ethics:

  • In extremely violent situations, like war zones, the instinct to survive can supersede moral considerations. Acts that might be deemed immoral in peaceful times, such as theft or betrayal, could be rationalized as necessary for survival.

4. Loss of Faith in Institutions:

  • When institutions meant to protect individuals (like the police, judiciary, or even religious institutions) fail to prevent violence or become perpetrators themselves, it can lead to a broader erosion of moral values. If the “guardians of morality” are compromised, it may signal to the community that morals are fluid or negotiable.

5. Groupthink and Mob Mentality:

  • Violence, especially when it occurs in groups, can be reinforced by groupthink or mob mentality. Individual moral compasses can be overshadowed by collective rage or hate. In these scenarios, individuals may partake in actions they would typically find reprehensible.

6. Disintegration of Family and Community Structures:

  • Families and communities often act as the first teachers of moral values. Widespread violence can break these units apart, depriving individuals, especially children, of moral guidance. Over time, this can result in generations with skewed or diminished moral values.

7. Cult of Heroism Around Violence:

  • In some societies experiencing prolonged violence, violent acts or tendencies might be glamorized or celebrated. When aggressors are portrayed as heroes or martyrs, it can further degrade collective moral values.

8. Reduced Accountability:

  • In environments rife with violence, there may be a lack of accountability for violent actions due to fear, corruption, or an overwhelmed judicial system. When actions don’t have consequences, it further erodes the societal understanding of right and wrong.


The degradation of moral values in the face of widespread violence is a multifaceted phenomenon, influenced by psychological, social, and institutional factors. It’s crucial to understand this relationship to create interventions that not only curb violence but also preserve and rebuild the moral foundations of a society.