An engagement is generally not considered a legally binding contract. Unlike a marriage, which is a legally recognized union, an engagement is typically viewed as a promise or commitment to marry in the future. While engagements are significant in a social and personal context, they usually lack the legal enforceability associated with contracts.
It’s important to note that breaking an engagement is a serious decision and can be emotionally challenging. In some cases, engagement may be broken off through a mutual understanding, while in others, it may lead to legal and financial consequences, especially if there are agreements or arrangements associated with the engagement.
While there is no specific law governing engagements in certain circumstances may lead to the termination of an engagement. Here are some common reasons:
- Mutual Agreement: If both parties involved in the engagement agree to break it off amicably and mutually decide not to proceed with the marriage, the engagement can be terminated.
- Breach of Trust or Misrepresentation: If one party discovers that the other has engaged in deceit, misrepresentation, or a serious breach of trust, it may lead to the termination of the engagement.
- Incompatibility: If the engaged couple realizes that they are fundamentally incompatible or have irreconcilable differences that could negatively impact the marriage, they may decide to break off the engagement.
- Family Disapproval: External factors, such as strong opposition from either party’s family, can also contribute to the decision to break off an engagement.
- Personal Growth and Change: Sometimes, individuals may undergo significant personal growth or experience life changes that lead them to reassess their priorities and values, resulting in the decision to end the engagement.
Following the cancellation of the engagement, your fiancée has filed an unfounded criminal case against you. In light of these false allegations, you have the option to initiate a defamation case against both her and her family. Given the existing circumstances, you may also pursue a claim for damages, citing the intentional concealment of material facts about your fiancée that led to the decision to call off the planned wedding.