Validity of inter caste marriage

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Question asked on: 22/08/2015

I love with a girl belongs to other caste. We are major and desired to marry. If I marry with her, that marriage will be valid under Hindu Marriage Act. 

Advised by: Shivendra Pratap Singh,

Validity of inter caste marriage can’t be challenged under Hindu Marriage Act. In Lata Singh vs State of Uttat Prades [AIR 2006 SC] it is held by the supreme court that inter caste marriage is perfectly valid marriage under Hindu Marriage Act..

Inter-caste marriage is a term used in Asian and Middle-Eastern countries for a marriage where the couple are from two social groups, e.g., different castes, races or clans and are related to concepts of exogamy and endogamy.

But later on caste system among Hindus had been strengthened gradually and eventually Hindu society clearly divided on caste basis. Marriage is one of the important sanskar among Hindus. Ancient texts mention two forms of inter caste marriage i.e.

  • Anuloma Vivah
  • Pratioma Vivah

The marriages between men of higher Varna or caste and women of lower varna or caste are called Anuloma and it was widely accepted by Hindu society. The Brahmins were allowed to marry women of all other lower Varnas including Sudras. But reverse of anuloma vivah is called pratiloma vivah and it was prohibited in Hindu society because male belongs to inferior caste.

With the advent of Hindu Marriage Act 1955, inter caste marriage is now recognized as a valid marriage. Marriages between any section, caste or sub-caste of Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist or Jain are treated as a valid marriage. It gets validity from section 5 of Hindu Marriage Act.

In Lata Singh vs State of Uttat Prades [AIR 2006 SC] it is also directed by the Supreme court  that every act of threat or violence committed against the couple of inter caste marriage must be punished by the state.

Inter caste marriages will promote caste less society which will be in the favour of our diversified nation. The Constitution of India strives for a classless society. Such a classless society is the ideal society which is the ultimate object of the Constitution.

The Constitution through its Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles created a secular State based on the principle of equality and non-discrimination, striking a balance between the rights of the individuals and the duty and commitment of the State to establish an egalitarian social order.

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Shivendra Pratap Singh

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