The Role of Amicus Curiae in Family Court Proceedings

Shivendra Pratap Singh


High Court Lucknow


Reading Time:

The legal world is full of Latin terms that might seem daunting to the uninitiated. “Amicus curiae” is one such term, directly translating to “friend of the court.” While the term may evoke images of ancient Roman courtrooms, its role in contemporary family court proceedings is both significant and invaluable.

What is an Amicus Curiae?

At its core, an amicus curiae is a neutral party who offers expertise or information to the court on a particular matter. They are not a party to the case but serve to assist the court in making informed decisions.

The Role in Family Court

In family court, the stakes are often high, with the well-being of children and the dissolution of marital relationships in the balance. It’s a venue where emotions run high, and clear, objective perspectives are essential. This is where the amicus curiae can play a pivotal role.

  1. Child Custody Cases: One of the most common situations where an amicus curiae might be involved in family court is during child custody disputes. They can provide the court with an objective assessment of the child’s well-being and which custody arrangement might be in the child’s best interest.
  2. Divorce Proceedings: In complex divorce cases, especially those involving substantial assets or allegations of misconduct, an amicus curiae can help the court understand nuanced details that might not be immediately evident.
  3. Domestic Violence Cases: An amicus curiae with expertise in domestic violence can offer the court insights into the dynamics of abuse, assisting the court in making decisions that protect victims and hold perpetrators accountable.

Benefits of Amicus Curiae in Family Court

  • Expertise: Family court judges, despite their vast experience, can’t be experts in every field. An amicus curiae brings specialized knowledge to complex cases.
  • Neutrality: As they are not parties in the case, amicus curiae offer an unbiased viewpoint. Their primary role is to aid the court, not to advocate for one side over the other.
  • Clarifying Complex Issues: Some family court matters dive deep into specialized areas, be it finance, mental health, or child development. An amicus curiae can shed light on these topics, ensuring the court’s decisions are well-informed.


The family court system, by nature, grapples with some of life’s most personal and emotional issues. In such a setting, the role of the amicus curiae becomes indispensable. They ensure that courts have a full, nuanced understanding of complex matters, leading to more informed and just decisions that prioritize the well-being of families and children.