Legal Article

The Dangers of Excessive Use of Technology: Misrepresentation of Truth in Criminal Trials

Shivendra Pratap Singh


High Court Lucknow


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Published on: 5 Aug, 2023

In today’s hyper-digital age, we are witnessing a profound transformation in our justice system. As technology becomes an integral part of everyday life, its influence has inevitably reached the realm of law, reshaping the landscape of criminal trials. However, an important question arises: Could the excessive use of technology be a Pandora’s Box, capable of misrepresenting the truth in criminal trials? Let’s explore this complex issue.

The Double-Edged Sword of Technology

It is undeniable that technology has brought innumerable benefits to our legal system. Law enforcement has made extensive use of modern tools such as DNA analysis, digital forensics, facial recognition, and surveillance technology to aid in investigations. These advancements can increase efficiency, improve accuracy, and enable access to previously unattainable evidence, thus strengthening the pursuit of justice.

However, technology is a double-edged sword. While it can illuminate facts, it also has the potential to distort or misrepresent truth. The increasing reliance on technology could be a fertile breeding ground for confusion, bias, and even manipulation.

Risks and Challenges in Using Technology in Trials

Misinterpretation of Digital Evidence

One of the primary challenges is the risk of misinterpreting digital evidence. Forensic tools are complex and often require specific expertise to use properly. As a result, there’s a risk of investigators or juries misunderstanding or misconstruing the information these tools provide.

Influence of Deepfakes

Another major concern is the rise of deepfakes — AI-generated synthetic media in which a person’s likeness is replaced with someone else’s. The realism of deepfakes presents a real threat to the integrity of evidence presented in court. Video or audio evidence that was once deemed irrefutable could now be artificially created, opening doors for potential misuse and manipulation.

Bias in AI and Algorithmic Tools

AI and algorithms are increasingly used in criminal justice, from predicting future crime hotspots to aiding in decisions about bail, sentencing, and parole. However, these tools can reflect and even amplify the biases of those who create them, leading to potentially unjust outcomes. Studies have shown that algorithmic risk-assessment tools can disproportionately target minority communities, thus skewing the evidence and influencing the trial outcome.

Potential Solutions and Safeguards

As we grapple with these challenges, it’s vital to develop safeguards to ensure the correct use of technology in criminal trials.

Firstly, we need to enhance the legal and technical literacy of all involved parties, from law enforcement officers to lawyers, judges, and juries. They must understand not only how to use technological tools but also their limitations and potential for error or manipulation.

Rigorous Verification of Evidence

Next, courts must adopt rigorous methods for verifying the authenticity of digital evidence. This could involve the use of digital forensic experts or the establishment of new standards for the admissibility of such evidence.

Regulating AI and Algorithmic Tools

Regulation and transparency are needed for the use of AI and algorithms in criminal justice. We need clear rules and guidelines about how these tools are developed, tested, and used. It is critical to ensure that the algorithms used are fair, unbiased, and transparent, with regular audits to check for and eliminate any inherent bias.


The intersection of technology and justice is a complex terrain. While we must not disregard the substantial benefits technology can bring to criminal trials, it’s also crucial to be vigilant about the potential misrepresentation of truth it could engender. As we continue to navigate this ever-evolving landscape, it is clear that the key to maintaining the integrity of our justice system lies in understanding, regulating, and wisely using the technological tools at our disposal. After all, at stake is nothing less than the basic principle of justice — that truth must prevail.