The Cornerstone of Justice in the Context of the Indian Legal System

Shivendra Pratap Singh


High Court Lucknow


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Justice is a fundamental pillar of any society, and the Indian legal system is built upon the principles of fairness, equality, and impartiality. It aims to ensure that all individuals are treated justly, regardless of their social status, wealth, or influence. The cornerstone of justice in the Indian legal system lies in upholding the rule of law, protecting fundamental rights, and providing access to justice for all. In this blog post, we will explore the key elements that form the cornerstone of justice in the context of the Indian legal system and its significance in maintaining a harmonious and equitable society.

I. Upholding the Rule of Law

The rule of law is the bedrock of justice in the Indian legal system. It means that everyone, including individuals in power, is subject to the law and must abide by it. The rule of law ensures that no one is above the law, and it governs the conduct of both the state and its citizens. This principle ensures fairness, accountability, and the consistent application of laws.

II. Safeguarding Fundamental Rights

The Indian Constitution guarantees fundamental rights to all citizens, regardless of their background. These rights include the right to life and personal liberty, freedom of speech and expression, equality before the law, and protection from discrimination. The cornerstone of justice lies in safeguarding and protecting these rights, ensuring that they are not violated or curtailed by any individual or authority.

III. Access to Justice for All

Justice is accessible and affordable to all citizens in the Indian legal system. The concept of “access to justice” ensures that all individuals, irrespective of their economic status, have the means to seek legal remedies and representation. Legal aid and public interest litigation play vital roles in providing justice to marginalized and disadvantaged sections of society.

IV. Fair and Impartial Judiciary

The cornerstone of justice relies on an independent and impartial judiciary. The Indian judiciary acts as the guardian of the Constitution, interpreting and upholding the laws in a fair and unbiased manner. The principles of natural justice, such as the right to be heard and the right to a fair trial, are strictly adhered to, ensuring due process and protection of rights.

V. Equal Protection of Law

The principle of “equal protection of law” ensures that every individual is treated equally before the law, irrespective of their caste, creed, religion, or gender. Discrimination is strictly prohibited, and justice is dispensed impartially, upholding the principle of equality.

VI. Accountability and Transparency

Justice is strengthened through accountability and transparency in the legal system. Public scrutiny and accountability of the judiciary, legal practitioners, and law enforcement agencies foster trust and confidence in the system.

VII. Social Justice and Inclusivity

The Indian legal system also emphasizes social justice and inclusivity, aiming to uplift the marginalized and vulnerable sections of society. Special laws and provisions have been enacted to protect the rights of women, children, minorities, and other disadvantaged groups.


The cornerstone of justice in the Indian legal system lies in upholding the rule of law, safeguarding fundamental rights, ensuring access to justice for all, and maintaining an independent and impartial judiciary. It is a system built on principles of fairness, equality, and inclusivity, designed to protect the rights and liberties of all citizens. By adhering to these principles, the Indian legal system strives to create a just and harmonious society, where every individual’s rights are protected, and justice is dispensed without fear or favor.