Statement taken by police
Question asked on: 16/09/2016
In the Police custody police takes statement from the accused. If in pressure of police accused writes false statement, how far it is considered valid in the Court of law.
Statement taken by police when accused is in its custody is a protected statement and it shall not be used against the accused. According to section 26 of the Indian Evidence Act, a statement recorded by a police officer from an accused under police custody cannot be admitted against the accused. An accused is fully protected from that statement because if it is admitted against the accused then police can take statement or even confession from the accused either by hook or crook.
Only confessional statement is protected under this section. If accused admits any fact which tends to show his guilt or involvement in the crime, then it shall be called confessional statement and it is protected under this section.
In Mohmed Amin @ Amin C.R.M.Shaikh vs C.B.I. 2008 SCC(cri): if accused admits his guilt before the police officer either in police custody or not, it shall not be used against the accused in any proceeding. So whether accused made false or true statement before the police is totally protected. If such statement is adduced by the prosecution it shall be discarded by the court.
Article 20(3) of the Indian constitution also protect the right of an accused to be a witness against himself. If police officer records any statement which goes against the interest of accused such statement cannot be used against the accused because it is against the principle of self-incrimination.
You should not be afraid that that statement may be used against the accused. There is a fixed procedure in respect of recording of statement of accused. Section 164 of the code of criminal procedure laid down method for the recording of confession. Only that confession can be used against the accused. And it is also not mandatory that accused must record his confession whenever he is being produced before the Magistrate for the purpose of recording of confession.
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Shivendra Pratap Singh
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