Legal Advice

SARFAESI Act: quashing of demand notice

Shivendra Pratap Singh


High Court Lucknow


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Question asked on: 1 Feb, 2019

Question: The bank has violated the procedure made under the SARFAESI act and proceeded for property auction. In possession notice, date of demand notice was incorrect. Moreover, under 13 (3–A) bank has not responded for the representation given on the demand notice. How to quash or stop the notice of sale and possession notice?

Asked from: Rajasthan

voided) by the Debts Recovery Tribunal (DRT) if it is found to be in violation of the provisions of the SARFAESI Act or the rules and regulations specified under it. Here’s how you can quash a demand notice under the SARFAESI Act:

  1. File a Representation: The borrower may file a representation with the lender, explaining why the demand notice is in violation of the SARFAESI Act and why it should be quashed. The lender may then review the representation and take appropriate action.
  2. File a Petition with DRT: If the lender does not respond or if the representation is not accepted, the borrower may file a petition with the DRT, seeking to quash the demand notice.
  3. Present Evidence and Arguments: The borrower must present evidence and arguments to support their petition, showing that the demand notice is in violation of the SARFAESI Act or the rules and regulations specified under it.
  4. Ruling of the DRT: Based on the evidence and arguments presented, the DRT will make a ruling on the petition, either quashing the demand notice or dismissing it.

It’s important to note that the proceedings before the DRT are conducted in a formal manner and parties are expected to follow the rules of procedure and evidence. The DRT’s ruling on the petition to quash the demand notice is final and binding, and either party may appeal the decision in a higher court if necessary.

SARFAESI Act is special legislation. It empowers the banks to recover dues from defaulting borrowers without the intervention of court.

The borrower has the right to receive a demand notice under section 13(2) of the SARFAESI Act. The said demand notice bears the total outstanding and sixty days time period for its payment.

Sixty days period for payment of outstanding starts from the date of receiving of notice.

As per the provision of the SARFAESI Act, the bank cannot take measure under section 13(4) in violation of mandatory requirements. A demand notice with the correct particulars is necessary under section 13(2).

A notice with wrong information has no effect in the eye of law. You should file an appeal before the DRT (Debts Recovery Tribunal) for quashing the said demand notice.

Section 17 provides you with a remedy to appeal before the DRT if aggrieved by the steps under section 13(4). If demand notice has issued and assets declared NPA the Bank will proceed under section 13(4).

When bank likely to take steps under section 13(4) you can move an appeal before the DRT. The DRT has the power to quash the irregular notice.

Notice is invalid because it bears wrong information. In Chimanlal v Mishrilal (1985) 1 SCC 14 the Supreme Court holds that the validity of notice is the precondition for taking a further step.

Hence, bank authority cannot proceed under section 13(4) by invalid notice.