Legal Article

“Presstitution”: Why Labeling Media This Way Undermines the Principle of Free Speech and Expression

Shivendra Pratap Singh


High Court Lucknow


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Published on: 21 Aug, 2023


The term “presstitution” is often used derogatorily to describe media outlets that are perceived as biased, corrupt, or lacking integrity. While the frustration towards questionable journalism is understandable, labeling the entire media industry as “presstitutes” poses a dangerous threat to the principle of free speech and expression. This blog post will explore why the term is not only disrespectful but also antithetical to democratic values.

The Role of Media in a Democracy

In a democratic society, the media serves as the “Fourth Estate,” offering an additional layer of checks and balances on the government and other power structures. It is responsible for disseminating information, representing diverse viewpoints, and most importantly, holding those in authority accountable.

The Impact of the Label “Presstitution”

Stifles Constructive Criticism

Using a term like “presstitution” casts a wide net, maligning not just individual journalists or outlets who may have faltered, but the entire industry. This undermines constructive criticism and self-correction, which are vital in any democratic institution.

Creates a Culture of Distrust

When media is labeled as “corrupt” or “bought,” it erodes the trust that the public has not just in the media, but also in other democratic institutions that rely on a free press.

Chilling Effect

The derogatory label can have a chilling effect on journalists, making them more hesitant to cover controversial topics or dissenting opinions for fear of retribution or public backlash.

Undermines Democratic Values

Freedom of speech and expression are cornerstones of any democratic society. When we start labeling the media with derogatory terms, we undermine these fundamental principles.

The Irony: Misuse of Free Speech to Limit Free Speech

While free speech allows for critical views about the media, using a term like “presstitution” crosses a line into disrespect and generalization. Ironically, it’s an abuse of the principle of free speech to limit the speech and credibility of others.

Responsible Criticism: The Need of the Hour

It’s crucial to differentiate between media outlets and individual journalists who may be guilty of ethical lapses, and the media as a democratic institution. Constructive criticism is always welcome and necessary for improvement, but name-calling and vilification serve no real purpose other than to fan the flames of distrust and discord.


While the media is not above criticism, and there are certainly instances where ethical concerns are valid, using derogatory labels like “presstitution” is not the answer. Doing so only serves to undermine the critical role that a free, independent media plays in a democracy. We should aim for a more nuanced dialogue that respects the fundamental democratic principle of free speech and expression, instead of resorting to labels that do nothing but divide and diminish us all.