The period of leave and licence shall expire on 27 November 2022. You (landlord) wants possession of the premises for your own reasonable and bonafide requirements. In this situation the tenement (licencee) is bound to vacate the premises.
According to section 16(1)(g) of the Maharashtra Rent Control Act, 1999, the landlord can seek eviction of the tenant if the premises are reasonably and bonafidely required by the landlord for occupation by himself or by any person for whose benefit the premises are held by the landlord.
The tenant owned an accommodation in the same city, hence, the court shall presume under section 16(2) of Act 1999, that tenant would not face any hardships if decree of eviction is passed against him.
According to section 24 of the said Act, the landlord is entitled to take possession of the premises from the licencee on the expiry of the period of licence. Section 24 further says that a licensee in possession or occupation of premises given to him on licence for residence shall deliver possession of such premises to the landlord on expiry of the period of licence.
Therefore, according to section 24 and 16, the tenant is bound to vacate the premises. The tenant has admitted the fact that he is a licencee and the period of licence is going to expire on 27 November 2022.
In the reply of your notice he has given two options in lieu of eviction. Firstly, to extend the period of licence. Secondly, to sell the premises to him. He is not willing to vacate the premises however, he is legally bound to vacate it. To get the possession you have to prove these facts:
- Period of licence has expired and a notice thereof has duly served on the licencee.
- In passing the eviction decree the tenant shall not face any hardship because he owns a residential accommodation in the same city.
- Landlord has a bona fide need of the premises for his residence and he has no other residence in that city (if you want eviction of bona fide need).
In Bega Begum v. Abdul Ahad Khan, (1979) 1 SCC 273 the Supreme Court has held that “there must be an element of need as opposed to a mere desire or wish.” The same is reiterated by the Bombay High court in AMI Merchandising Pyt. Ltd. v. State of Maharashtra, 2014 SCC OnLine Bom 450. You have to prove your bona fide need.
The tenant is bound to vacate the premises either on expiry of licence or on bona fide need of landlord. In both situations the defences taken by the tenant in his legal notice are unsustainable.
In case of expiry of the period of licence, he knew at the time of execution of leave & licence agreement that the tenure of licence is fixed. However, due to covid 19 pandemic and marriage of his daughter the tenure of licence has been extended. So the tenant is fully aware that there is a fixed time to stay in this premises hence, it does not matter that:
- Tenant is paying the rent on time.
- He is a retired person and not able to move.
- He and his wife are ailing from asthma etc.
- Tenant is ready to purchase the premises.
He has to vacate the premises either on expiry of the period of licence or bona fide need of landlord.