Legal Article

Mental Disorder as a Ground for Divorce: A Comprehensive Overview

Shivendra Pratap Singh


High Court Lucknow


Reading Time:

Published on: 21 Aug, 2023

Divorce is a complex and emotionally charged process that involves the dissolution of a marital relationship. While the reasons for divorce can vary widely, one ground that has gained increasing attention is mental disorder. This article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of mental disorder as a ground for divorce, examining the legal, ethical, and psychological aspects of the issue.

Disclaimer: This article is not intended to provide legal or medical advice. Consult professionals in the respective fields for personalized guidance.

United States

In the United States, divorce laws are governed by individual states. Some states offer “no-fault” divorce, where neither party is legally required to prove that the other spouse did something wrong leading to the divorce. However, in states that do require grounds, mental illness is often considered a valid reason.

United Kingdom

In the UK, the Matrimonial Causes Act of 1973 lists “unreasonable behavior” as a ground for divorce, which can include mental disorder. However, the condition must be severe enough to make living together intolerable.


In India, the Hindu Marriage Act and the Special Marriage Act both recognize “incurable unsoundness of mind” as a ground for divorce, although the criteria can be stringent.

Other Jurisdictions

Laws vary globally, but many countries recognize mental illness as a valid ground for divorce, often requiring medical certification and legal proof that the condition is severe and incurable.

Ethical Considerations

Stigma and Discrimination

Divorcing someone on the grounds of mental disorder can perpetuate the stigma associated with mental illness. It’s crucial to approach the subject sensitively and respectfully.

Moral Obligation

Some argue that marriage vows such as “in sickness and in health” should extend to mental health. The ethical dilemma arises when considering whether one should stay in a marriage that has become emotionally or physically harmful due to a spouse’s mental condition.


If children are involved, their well-being must be considered. A parent’s mental disorder can impact children emotionally and developmentally.

Psychological Aspects

Emotional Toll

Living with a spouse who has a severe mental disorder can be emotionally draining and may lead to issues like depression or anxiety for the other partner.

Treatment and Support

In some cases, proper treatment can manage or significantly improve the condition, potentially making divorce unnecessary. However, treatment is not always successful, and the burden of care often falls on the spouse.


In some marriages, the spouse without a mental disorder may develop codependency, making the relationship even more complicated.

Practical Steps

  1. Consult a Lawyer: Understand the legal implications and requirements for your jurisdiction.
  2. Seek Medical Advice: Consult healthcare providers for a diagnosis and treatment options.
  3. Counseling: Marital counseling can sometimes help couples find ways to manage the condition together.
  4. Financial Planning: Divorce can be expensive, and a spouse with a mental disorder may require long-term care.
  5. Child Custody: If children are involved, consider their needs and consult a family lawyer.


Mental disorder as a ground for divorce is a complicated issue that intersects legal, ethical, and psychological domains. While laws generally recognize severe mental illness as a valid reason for divorce, the ethical implications can be complex. It’s crucial to consult professionals and consider all aspects, especially when children are involved.

Note: Laws and medical guidelines are subject to change. Always consult professionals for the most current advice.