Legal Article

Inadequate Infrastructure in the Indian Judicial System: Challenges and Implications

Shivendra Pratap Singh


High Court Lucknow


Reading Time:

Published on: 12 Aug, 2023

The Indian judicial system, modeled after the British system, is known for its rigorous procedures, rule of law, and commitment to justice. However, despite its foundational strengths, the system has grappled with infrastructural inadequacies that pose significant challenges. This article delves deep into the nature of these infrastructural shortcomings and the resultant challenges they bring to the fore.

1. Nature of Infrastructural Inadequacies:

  • Physical Infrastructure: Many court buildings, especially in rural and semi-urban areas, are in a state of disrepair. This affects not just the court’s functioning but also the dignity of the process.
  • Technological Infrastructure: Many courts lack computerized systems, effective case management software, or electronic databases. This leads to manual handling of vast amounts of data, leading to inefficiencies and errors.
  • Administrative Infrastructure: There is often a shortage of adequately trained administrative staff. The current staff may not be well-versed with modern administrative tools and practices.
  • Lack of Proper Facilities: Basic amenities such as waiting areas, toilets, drinking water facilities, and facilities for differently-abled individuals are often lacking or poorly maintained.

2. Challenges Posed by Inadequate Infrastructure:

  • Delays in Proceedings: The manual handling of records can slow down case proceedings, leading to an increasing backlog of cases.
  • Loss of Records: In the absence of digitization, physical records can be lost, misplaced, or damaged, impeding the course of justice.
  • Access to Justice: The absence of proper court infrastructure in certain areas means that litigants have to travel long distances, sometimes making access to justice both tedious and expensive.
  • Security Concerns: Inadequate security infrastructure can expose judges, lawyers, and litigants to threats, especially in high-profile or sensitive cases.
  • Decreased Efficiency: Without modern technological tools and software, the efficiency of court proceedings and administrative tasks decreases significantly.
  • Inaccessibility: The lack of facilities for differently-abled individuals makes the judiciary less accessible to a segment of the population.
  • Reduced Public Confidence: A system grappling with infrastructural issues can erode public confidence in its ability to dispense justice.

3. Way Forward:

Addressing the infrastructural inadequacies in the Indian judicial system requires a multi-pronged approach:

  • Increased Budgetary Allocation: Greater financial resources need to be allocated for the infrastructural development of the judiciary.
  • Adoption of Technology: Implementing digital case management systems, virtual courtrooms, e-filing, and digitized record-keeping can revolutionize the efficiency of the judicial process.
  • Regular Audits: Periodic infrastructural audits can help identify shortcomings and prioritize areas for improvement.
  • Stakeholder Participation: Collaboration between the government, the judiciary, civil society, and the private sector can lead to innovative solutions.
  • Training Programs: Regular training for judicial and administrative staff can ensure that they are equipped to handle modern infrastructure and technology.


While the Indian judicial system remains a pillar of the country’s democratic framework, its infrastructural challenges need urgent attention. Addressing these issues will not only enhance the efficiency of the system but also reinforce public trust in the institution.