Legal Article

Environments of Violence and the Lack of Accountability

Shivendra Pratap Singh


High Court Lucknow


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Published on: 12 Aug, 2023

Environments heavily impacted by violence pose significant challenges in terms of accountability. The reasons for this lack of accountability can be multi-faceted, often interlinked, and their effects reverberate across society, perpetuating cycles of violence and mistrust. Here’s a comprehensive look into how fear, corruption, and an overwhelmed judicial system contribute to this lack of accountability in violence-prone settings:

1. Fear:

  • Witness Intimidation: In regions dominated by violent actors, witnesses may be threatened or harmed if they testify against perpetrators. This reduces the number of people willing to come forward, weakening the evidence against the accused.
  • Fear of Retaliation: Victims may be reluctant to report violent incidents due to fear of further harm to themselves or their families.
  • Law Enforcement Inaction: Even police or other security personnel may be hesitant to take action if they fear for their own safety or the safety of their loved ones.

2. Corruption:

  • Bribes and Impunity: Perpetrators with money or influence might bribe law enforcement or judicial officials to overlook their actions or reduce their punishments.
  • Collusion with Criminal Groups: In some areas, there might be a nexus between law enforcement and criminal elements, where both parties benefit from illegal activities and protection rackets.
  • Lack of Oversight: In corruption-ridden systems, there may be a lack of checks and balances. Without proper oversight, officials can act with impunity, further eroding trust in the system.

3. Overwhelmed Judicial System:

  • Backlogged Courts: In violence-prone areas, the sheer number of cases may far outpace the system’s capacity to process them. Cases can be delayed for years, making justice slow and sometimes out of reach.
  • Insufficient Evidence Collection: Overburdened police forces might not have the time, resources, or training to collect sufficient evidence, making it difficult to build a robust case against accused individuals.
  • Lack of Proper Facilities: Overcrowded prisons and detention centers can lead to premature releases or deals that don’t reflect the severity of the crime.
  • Inadequate Training: Judicial personnel, including lawyers and judges, may not be adequately trained to handle the complexities and sensitivities of cases in violent environments, leading to miscarriages of justice.

Implications and Consequences:

  • Cycles of Violence: The lack of accountability can lead to repeated offenses, as perpetrators feel emboldened by the lack of consequences.
  • Distrust in Institutions: When justice isn’t served, faith in institutions erodes. This can lead to vigilante justice, where individuals or groups take the law into their own hands, further destabilizing the region.
  • Social Fabric Erosion: A society without justice and accountability can witness the degradation of community ties, with increasing suspicion and hostility.


For a society to heal and progress, there must be accountability for violent actions. However, achieving this in areas marred by fear, corruption, and system inefficiencies is no small task. Comprehensive reforms, external oversight, and community engagement are crucial in transforming such environments and restoring faith in the rule of law.