Duties and Responsibilities of the Waqf Board: Safeguarding Religious Heritage & Promoting Community Welfare

Shivendra Pratap Singh


High Court Lucknow


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The Waqf Board is an integral component of the Indian administrative system, ensuring the judicious management of waqf properties. These properties, often bequeathed for religious, educational, or charitable purposes, have a storied history that intertwines religious beliefs with societal welfare. The Waqf Board shoulders the vital responsibility of ensuring that the sanctity and purpose of these endowments are maintained. In this blog, we delve deep into the duties and responsibilities of the Waqf Board.

1. Historical Context:

Before diving into its duties, it’s essential to understand the historical context. Waqf is an Islamic tradition where individuals endow a portion of their wealth or property for religious or charitable activities. Over centuries, as waqf properties proliferated in India, the need for an organized body to oversee them became apparent, leading to the establishment of the Waqf Board.

2. Establishment and Management of Properties:

  • Property Audit: One of the primary duties is to maintain an updated record of all waqf properties in its jurisdiction. This includes details about the property’s location, size, present status, and revenue, if any.
  • Property Protection: The board ensures that these properties remain free from unauthorized encroachments and are used only for the purposes defined by the endower.
  • Maintenance: The Waqf Board is also responsible for the repair and maintenance of waqf properties, especially those of historical or religious significance.

3. Financial Stewardship:

  • Revenue Collection: Many waqf properties, such as commercial establishments or leased lands, generate revenue. It is the board’s duty to ensure the timely collection of this income.
  • Financial Allocation: The revenue garnered is then utilized for community welfare, as stipulated by the endower’s directives. This could range from funding educational institutions, supporting religious events, to aiding in community healthcare.
  • Budgeting: Every year, the Waqf Board prepares a budget detailing expected revenue and planned expenses, ensuring transparent financial management.
  • Dispute Resolution: In case of any disputes regarding waqf properties, the board steps in to mediate and, if possible, resolve the matter.
  • Legal Protection: The board can take legal actions to prevent unauthorized occupation or misuse of waqf properties.

5. Community Welfare:

  • Educational Support: The Waqf Board often sets up or supports educational institutions, ensuring community access to quality education.
  • Healthcare: Some waqf revenues are directed towards healthcare facilities for the community, ranging from clinics to hospitals.
  • Religious Events: The board organizes, manages, or supports religious events, ensuring they adhere to the tenets of Islam and cater to the community’s spiritual needs.

6. Supervision and Monitoring:

  • Inspection: Regular inspections of waqf properties are carried out to ascertain their condition and ensure they are being utilized appropriately.
  • Reporting: The Waqf Board submits annual reports detailing their activities, financial transactions, and property status, ensuring transparency and accountability.

7. Collaborative Efforts:

  • Government Collaboration: The board often collaborates with local and state governments to ensure the preservation of historical waqf properties or to implement community welfare programs.
  • Community Engagement: The Waqf Board actively engages with the community, seeking feedback, addressing concerns, and ensuring that the waqf’s purposes align with current community needs.


The Waqf Board, with its manifold duties and responsibilities, stands as a testament to the enduring legacy of the waqf tradition in India. By ensuring the judicious use of waqf properties and revenues, the board plays a pivotal role in preserving religious heritage while actively contributing to societal welfare. As custodians of a tradition that blends faith with philanthropy, the Waqf Board’s role remains crucial in contemporary India.