Legal Article

Cybercrimes in India: A Data-Driven Analysis

Shivendra Pratap Singh


High Court Lucknow


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Published on: 2 Aug, 2023


Cybercrimes, encompassing activities from financial fraud to online harassment, have seen a significant spike in India in tandem with the country’s digital growth. India’s vast digital user base, although a symbol of technological progress, has also made it an attractive target for cybercriminals. This article presents a data-centric analysis of cybercrimes in India.

The Rise in Cybercrimes:

  1. Number of Cases: According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), cases registered under cybercrimes saw a substantial increase from 9,622 in 2014 to 44,546 in 2019, marking a growth of over 363%.
  2. Financial Fraud: Of the total cybercrime cases in 2019, 50.1% were related to online financial fraud.
  3. Cyberbullying and Harassment: This category accounted for 7.6% of the total cybercrimes reported in 2019.

Geography and Demographics:

  1. State-wise Distribution: As per NCRB 2019 data, the highest number of cybercrime cases were reported in Uttar Pradesh (11,416 cases), followed by Karnataka (10,741 cases) and Maharashtra (4,604 cases).
  2. Urban Centers: Cities with robust IT infrastructures like Bengaluru, Hyderabad, and Pune reported higher cases of cybercrimes, largely due to their concentration of netizens and tech industries.

Vulnerable Targets:

  1. Women and Children: They often find themselves at the receiving end of cybercrimes such as stalking, bullying, and sextortion. NCRB data revealed that nearly 70% of cyberbullying victims were female.
  2. Elderly Population: With limited digital literacy, the elderly have become an easy target for financial scams and phishing attacks.

Reasons for the Surge:

  1. Increased Digital Footprint: With over 700 million internet users, the sheer volume makes India an attractive target.
  2. Lack of Cybersecurity Awareness: Despite growing connectivity, a majority of users are unaware of basic cybersecurity practices.
  3. Technological Advancements: Sophisticated tools and methods employed by cybercriminals have escalated the threat.


  1. Cyber Police Units: States like Maharashtra, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu have established dedicated cybercrime cells to deal with such offenses.
  2. Government Initiatives: The Cyber Swachhta Kendra and the National Cyber Security Strategy 2020 are government endeavors to combat cyber threats.
  3. Legal Framework: The Information Technology Act, 2000 and its subsequent amendments provide the legal structure for cybercrime prosecution. However, many believe it’s time for a more comprehensive and contemporary framework.


Cybercrimes, a shadowy counterpart to India’s glowing digital progress, require urgent and sustained interventions. While the data paints a concerning picture, it also offers insight into where efforts should be concentrated. A mix of legislation, technology, and public awareness campaigns will be paramount in addressing this digital-age menace.