Legal Article

Cyberbullying: A Modern Threat to Mental Well-being

Shivendra Pratap Singh


High Court Lucknow

Article | Criminal Law

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Published on: 2 Aug, 2023

Cyberbullying, the evolution of technology and the ubiquity of internet-enabled devices have transformed the way we communicate, socialize, and access information. However, these advancements have also given rise to a modern menace: cyberbullying. Let’s delve into the intricacies of cyberbullying, its impact, and the ways to combat this pervasive issue.

What is Cyberbullying?

Cyberbullying refers to the use of digital communication tools, such as social media, messaging apps, and online forums, to harass, threaten, or intimidate individuals. Unlike traditional bullying, its digital counterpart can be persistent, permanent, and hard to notice, making it even more menacing.

Forms of Cyberbullying:

  1. Harassment: Repeatedly sending offensive and malicious messages.
  2. Doxing: Publicly sharing private information about someone without their consent.
  3. Exclusion: Deliberately excluding someone from an online group.
  4. Impersonation: Creating fake profiles or accounts to harass others.
  5. Outing: Sharing someone’s secrets or embarrassing information online.
  6. Cyberstalking: Repeated online harassment which can include threats of harm or intimidation.

Impact of Cyberbullying:

  1. Psychological: Victims often experience depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem.
  2. Emotional: Feelings of isolation, humiliation, and overwhelming sadness are common.
  3. Physical: Stress-induced ailments, sleep disorders, and even self-harm or suicidal tendencies can manifest.
  4. Academic and Professional: A decline in academic performance or professional efficacy due to the emotional turmoil.

Challenges in Combating:

  1. Anonymity: The internet can provide a cloak of anonymity, making bullies hard to trace.
  2. Ubiquity: The always-on nature of the internet means victims can be targeted at any time.
  3. Lack of Awareness: Many parents, educators, and officials might not fully comprehend the scale or intensity of the issue.
  4. Jurisdictional Issues: The global nature of the internet can present challenges in applying laws and regulations.

Ways to Counteract Cyberbullying:

  1. Education: Teach children about online etiquette and the consequences of cyberbullying.
  2. Open Communication: Encourage victims to share their experiences with trusted individuals.
  3. Digital Footprint Monitoring: Regularly review one’s online presence and adjust privacy settings accordingly.
  4. Report and Document: Victims should document instances of this offence and report them to appropriate authorities, whether it’s school administrators, platform moderators, or in severe cases, the police.
  5. Support Systems: Counseling and support groups can provide emotional and psychological assistance to victims.
  6. Legal Measures: Some countries have laws explicitly targeting cyberbullying, while in others, existing harassment or stalking laws might be invoked.


Cyberbullying is a grave concern in today’s digitally-connected world. The intangible nature of the internet, coupled with its vastness, makes it a particularly insidious form of harassment. However, with awareness, education, and a cooperative approach involving parents, educators, policymakers, and platform providers, it’s possible to create a safer online environment for all.