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Azaan may be an integral part of Islam but its recitation through the loudspeaker cannot be said as its integral part

The right to recite Azan though sound-amplifying devices are not protected under Article 25 since it is not an integral part of Islam. The microphone is a gift of technological age; its adverse effect is well felt all over the world. Use of loudspeakers otherwise in accordance with law affects fundamental rights of the citizens under Article 19 (1)(a) of the Constitution of India.

Judgment of supreme court has not been implemented yet

I retired from CWC, a Central Public Sector Unit; In pursuance of the Supreme Court Judgement dated 3-5-1990, employees drawing CDA Pattern pay Scales were to be switched over to IDA Pattern Pay Scales w.e.f. 1-1-1989 after calling for options. In respect of certain Central Public Sector Units...

Forfeiture of gratuity without held guilty

I am a retired government servant. A departmental proceeding was pending at the time of my retirement. Therefore, the competent authority had forfeited my gratuity without holding me guilty of proved misconduct. He presented ambiguous inquiry report which is forthwith admitted by the superior...